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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract There has been consensus that logistics as well as supply chain management is a vital research field, yet with few literature reviews on this topic.
This paper sets out to propose some hot issues in the current research, through a review of related literature from the perspective of operations management. In addition, we generate some insights and future research directions in this field.
Introduction Organizations adopt numerous business improvement methodologies to improve business performance. Logistics as well as supply chain management has been regarded to be the crucial factor for the companies to obtain competitive edge.
In fact, logistics as well as supply chain management has received attention since the early s, yet conceptually the management of supply chains is not particularly well understood, and many authors have highlighted the necessity of clear definitional constructs and conceptual frameworks on supply chain management.
In this paper, we provide a tutorial on the current research of operations management of logistics and supply chain. We first clarify the conception of logistics and supply chain management in this paper, which defines the scope of our related research papers.
The core of this paper is that we provide several hot issues in this field with examples to show how these researches contribute from different research angles. Finally, we conclude the paper with the insights obtained from our analysis and future study directions in this field.
The paper is organized as follows. In the next section, we specify the definitions of the terms of logistics and supply chain used in our paper, with a comparison between these two popular conceptions.
In Section 3which is the core section of this paper, we provide several hot topics in current research with detailed examples. In Section 4we provide insights and further research directions.
Conception and Scope 2. Logistics Logistics is the management of the flow of goods between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet some requirements, for example, of customers or corporations. The resources managed in logistics can include physical items, such as food, materials, animals, equipment, and liquids, as well as abstract items, such as time, information, particles, and energy.
The logistics of physical items usually involves the integration of information flow, material handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, warehousing, and often security.
The complexity of logistics can be modeled, analyzed, visualized, and optimized by dedicated simulation software. The minimization of the use of resources is a common motivation in logistics for import and export.
Note that the above definition of logistics is not unified, although it might be indeed, in current environment, a commonly acknowledged one.
As we can see, the concept of logistics focuses on the product flow, which is the meaning by which this word has been translated in Chinese.Structure. Marketing management employs tools from economics and competitive strategy to analyze the industry context in which the firm operates.
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PDCA (plan-do-check-act, sometimes seen as plan-do-check-adjust) is a repetitive four-stage model for continuous improvement in business process management. The current industry demands individuals who have the requisite knowledge and knowhow of technology to keep pace with the changing trends.
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